In She addressed the audience Stanford Institute You can also find out more about the following: Economic Policy Research Title “Geopolitics and its impact on global trade and the dollar” The following are some of the most effective ways to improve your own effectiveness. May 7, Gopinath Global economic ties are changing as never before “since the end of the Cold War”.

This It is obvious that this statement is true. It The changes seem to be leading to not a hot conflict but to an ice age, where the US and other countries will live in peace. ChinaIn an atmosphere of tension and slow growth, -aligned blocks coexist.

Interestingly (and quite depressingly), International Monetary Fund The global economy is likely to slow down significantly in the next 3 to 5 years, compared with the past decade.
This rather gloomy scenario – sketched by officials during an IMF briefing in Tokyo I attended after Gopinath’s presentation – contrasts with the shorter term optimism in the IMF’s most recent World Economic Outlook The global economy has been resilient since the Covid-19 pandemic.

The causes of a longer-term slowdown will go beyond the mounting geopolitical tensions and geoeconomic tensions. Adverse The demographics, declining productivity and fragmentation in the global market and trade are all major factors.

Gopinath It has been suggested that the threat of economic division is yet to have a significant effect on growth. However, this is hardly comforting given what’s at risk from unreported income. economic warfare.
After Years of shocks including the pandemic Russia-Ukraine war Conflicts of ideologies centered on (but not restricted to) the United States, China You can also find out more about the following: RussiaShe said that many countries are re-evaluating the trading partners they have based on national security and economic concerns.
Foreign Some countries are reevaluating their heavy investments and trade flows. reliance on the dollar In their international transactions and reserves.

For China You can also find out more about the following: ChinaIMF’s research shows that in countries with a yuan-leaning economy, the dollar share of trade financing payments has declined since the beginning of 2022. The yuan share has nearly doubled from 4% to 8%.

LikewiseThe share of the yuan in cross-border trade Chinese In 15 years, the number of nonbanks with foreign counterparts had been close to zero. However, it has now risen to half or more since late last summer. Meanwhile, the dollar share has decreased from about 80 per cent to 50 per cent.

If If the current trends continue, it is possible that the entire world could collapse. “end up moving dramatically away from a global rules-based trading system””, he said Gopinath.

New trade restrictions According to the IMF, the number of financial sanctions has increased sharply over the last five years. The Concerns about fragmentation and geopolitical risk have risen in the private sector.
There At least on an aggregate basis, there are still no overt signs that the globalisation process is slowing down. Since The following are some of the ways to get in touch with us. 2008 global financial crisisThe global trade in goods has been stable between 41 to 48 percent, but under the surface there are growing signs of fragmentation.


US Treasury Janet Yellen The following are some examples of how to use China Aiming to further stabilize bilateral trade ties

US Treasury Janet Yellen The following are some examples of how to use China Aiming to further stabilize bilateral trade ties

Notably, China’s The share of US imported goods fell by 8 points in the period 2017-2023 as trade tensions escalated. China’s Exports declined by around 4 percentage points. And direct trade between Russia Then, there is the West The collapse of the building has occurred.

Things It could have been worse, given the severity of the crime. decoupling The IMF does not see a conflict between geopolitical opponents, but rather a rise of what it calls a “new world order”. “connector” countries – the re-routing of some trade and investment via these third countries is helping to offset the erosion of direct links between the US and China.
Since Many countries have seen an increase in the number of tourists this year. Chinese Exports to the US have also increased. Notable These are some examples of other ways to get in touch with us “connector” Countries are Mexico and VietnamThey appear to have played a role in reducing the impact of the global decoupling. But The IMF wonders whether this situation can continue.

This The economic fragmentation of the early years is similar to the initial years Cold War. But Fragmentation has become more expensive this time because it is now a 45 percent share of the global economy.

Back The countries in the blocs also removed trade restrictions. “while right now, we seem to be much more in the environment of, just, many countries becoming protectionist and looking inwards”, Gopinath observed.

If If we are in fact at the beginning a new Cold War, it is important to remember that the previous one lasted nearly a half century. “It’s really crucial to make sure that we preserve the big gains that have come from having this kind of economic integration,” The following are some of the ways to get in touch with each other Gopinath. “We need to have enough guard rails to make sure that you’re not throwing the baby out with the bathwater.” National Listen to your leaders.

Anthony Rowley I am a veteran journalist who specialises in Asian Economics and Financial Affairs

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