The Ghats are steps that lead into water. Varanasi, IndiaThe holiest city of’s Uttar PradeshSome people are bathing in the Ganges RiverOthers performing ceremonies along its banks.

Most Indians Believe in the power of your mind GangesThe ice cave is a source of. Gaumukh Near the temple town GangotriIt is a goddess who provides water to 40 percent of the population.

India’s The holy river, which is celebrated by birth and death celebrations on its banks, has also become a paradox as a result of decades of human activity. It became one of the most polluted rivers in the world. It The waterborne diseases that kill thousands of adults, children and infants each year are linked to this.

India’s Ganges River It is contaminated with human wastes, industrial wastes, domestic sewerage and religious rituals. Photo: Shutterstock

The Indian The government has tried to clean the Ganges Since the 1980s and has spent millions. For Years of the Ganges Clean-up is a political matter, and there have been many accusations of mismanagement and corruption. According Leading Ganges Big dams destroy the character of rivers, say activists.

In May 2019 Central Pollution Control Board According to a report, the water from the Ganges The spokesman for the organisers of the event said: “direct drinking”. The River’s faecal-coliform levels (found in guts and feces of warmblooded animals), were detected to be between three and twelve times higher than permissible levels at most interstate border.

The National Green Tribunal In 2022, a group of cases heard around Ganges Pollution dating back to 1985 has been observed “nearly 50 per cent of untreated sewage and substantial industrial effluents are still being discharged in the river or its tributaries, in absence of requisite functional treatment capacity”.

Describing Long-term government cleaning-up efforts are a “collective failure”, Priti MaheshChief Programme Coordinator Toxics LinkAn environmental NGO in New Delhi. This Week The following are some examples of how to use Asia: “Despite efforts, the faltering progress reflects not just environmental neglect, but also the systemic challenges that must be addressed with unwavering determination and innovative solutions.”

A worker at a tannery drinks water in KanpurA city industrialized on the banks Ganges In the north, known for its leather tanning and pollution, Indian State of Uttar Pradesh In 2020, PhotoAP

When The following are some of the ways to get in touch with us. Ganges Enters the plains, and flows over 2,600 km in northern IndiaIt passes through hundreds of small and large towns and cities, including Allahabad, Patna, Kanpur You can also find out more about the following: KolkataThis system is capable of absorbing raw waste water, plastic, toxic pesticides and agricultural runoffs.

The National Mission The following are some examples of how to use Clean Ganga (NMCG), a program of clean-up launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi Estimates suggest that in 2014, approximately 12,000 mld of sewage was generated per day in the Ganges The basin has a current capacity for treatment of around 4,000 mld.

Kanpur There are more than 400 tanning factories in the country that discharge their waste into the rivers and seas. Ganges. Many The closure of these sites is due to the non-compliance by environmental laws.

Funeral The ashes are immersed by the river to take their spirit onwards or to the next life.

People As an offering, thousands of flowers treated with chemicals are placed in the water. These flowers float downstream, releasing chemicals. StartThe. Phool Waste flowers are now being turned into incense.

People Cremation is the process of burning the dead body. Hindu Woman on the bank of the river Ganges On the fringes of VaranasiOne of Hinduism’s The holiest cities in the world India 2019 PhotoAP

Work in Progress that is UN-recognised

The NMCG was founded in 2014, as the Namami Gange In which project Modi The pledge of 200 billion rupees for the cleanup of the Ganges.

The The NMCG is a twin-objective program. “effective abatement of pollution, conservation and rejuvenation of National River Ganga”. The The government describes it as a scientific program that uses cutting edge technology to clean up the Ganges. It At least, the river will be bathe-worthy.

The The initial goal was to clean the river by 2019. However, this has been extended until 2022. An additional budget of 100 billion rupies was allocated. The Since then, the target has been shifted from 2026 to 2026.

The Namami Gange The project has been recognized by the United Nations As a World Restoration Flagship. Awarded In 2022, the UN will be implementing Agenda 2022. Decade On, Ecosystem RestorationThe accolade “recognises ambitious efforts to revive the natural world, which is labouring under a triple crisis of climate change, nature and biodiversity loss, and pollution and waste”.
The Riverfront ghats in Varanasi. The Today, the city has passed laws that ban plastics on boats and require them to use compressed gas. New public toilets were built to prevent open defecation. Photo: Kalpana Sunder

VaranasiThe ancient city of is the spiritual heartland of the HindusIt is also Modi’s Political constituency. Sewage Built in the 1970s but upgraded, pumping stations line the riverfront. Varanasi. The Today, the city has passed laws that ban plastics on boats and require them to use compressed gas. New public toilets were built to prevent open defecation.

The The government is also focusing on the planting of native trees to help prevent pollution and sediment entering rivers.

“The Ganges is much cleaner now than before. We don’t see dead bodies, garbage or rotten flowers floating. There used to be open sewers flowing into the river, we don’t see that nowadays,” You can also read about the importance of this in our article Hemant Sinha, 45 is a boatman who lives in Varanasi.

The Ministry You can also find out more about the following: Jal ShaktiIn 2022, the, which is responsible for water issues, stated that “between 2018 and 2021 there was a marked improvement in the state of the river as a result of multisectoral interventions”. Improvement In addition, the water quality of lakes and rivers also deteriorated. “increased sightings of aquatic species such as Gangetic Dolphins otters, turtles and Hilsa,” Additions

Yogi AdityanathThe chief minister of Uttar PradeshIn January Dolphins that were near extinction have started to reappear in the river since 2023 because the water has become cleaner.

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Indian Festival-goers dip into toxic river foamed with toxic chemicals

Indian Festival goers take a dip in a toxic, foamy river

Despite This is an attorney Sanjay Upadhyay Clean up efforts are being made by the Ganges The government had not explored the different technologically innovative solutions that were available. These included using wetlands as a waste water treatment system, reverse osmosis and crystallisation to remove pollutants.

“Actual monitoring on the ground is [also] quite vague. We also need a platform where pilot projects to try potential solutions to treat sewage or clean up water bodies can be experimented and chosen on their value,” You can also read about the importance of this in our article UpadhyayFounder of India’s First environmental law firm Enviro Legal Defence.

According You can also find out more about the following: Upadhyay, the most effective way to clean the river is to restore its natural flow – not an easy feat. “We have to look at encroachment in the catchment areas and address water basins and their management.”

Punyasloke BhaduryProfessor from the Integrative Taxonomy You can also find out more about the following: Microbial Ecology Research Group Research Institute IISER KolkataThe ‘call for “local-centric” Cleaning up after a party? Ganges Developing dedicated biobanks for novel microbes found in the lower stretch GangesClean the river using cost-effective and sustainable methods.

“The communication between scientists and policymakers seems to be improving, and we are now better equipped to at least identify the challenges … A scientific approach is [also] important in monitoring the river,” He said.

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